Mold is a huge problem when painting basement walls — here’s how to avoid it

Concrete walls in your basement can appear dark and unwelcoming. With the potential for mold and mildew, dingy appearance, and cold atmosphere, it’s no wonder that the idea of painting your concrete walls has crossed your mind. Unfortunately, painting your basement walls is not the same as traditionally painting your interiors. There are more risks involved when it comes to the health and well-being of your home. Additionally, the process can be much more arduous.

In this article, we’ll break down the important factors to keep in mind when painting your basement walls and how to go about it in a safe way for you and your family.

painted basement walls in the color white

Why painting a basement wall is trickier than you think

Knowing how to paint a basement wall rests in understanding the risks. Below are some of the unique challenges basements present that you need to be aware of before you begin painting.

Potential for mold

One of the most significant risks when painting a basement wall is the potential for mold. Naturally, concrete tends to be adverse to mold. However, in high-humidity areas or areas where flooding can occur, mold growth can undoubtedly become a problem. Therefore, before you paint your basement walls, you will need to assess the amount of moisture present in the location. Don’t paint in areas where excess water is present, as paint can be perfect mold food. Instead, contact a professional to help you best determine how to go about the project.

The walls might not be drywall

Most basements are not made with drywall. However, if you happen to have a finished basement or a space with drywall present, then painting your basement will be much less complicated than those without.

However, if your basement walls are made of brick, concrete, or paneling, painting your walls will be a more challenging process. For this article, we’ll be covering how to paint over brick and concrete as these materials tend to be the most popular in basements. However, before you begin painting, you need to keep in mind that each wall type requires special attention and may include more or fewer steps before you reach your finished product.

person using paint roller to paint grey wall

How to paint basement walls

If your basement has concrete or brick walls, then you’ll need to take extra care as you go about the painting process. Be sure to have all of the necessary tools on hand and take your time as you work.

What you’ll need:

  • Wire brush
  • Small sledgehammer and chisel
  • Hydraulic cement
  • Safety gear (gloves, eyewear, mask, etc.)
  • Muriatic acid and water solution
  • Waterproofing paint and primer
  • Paintbrushes and rollers

What to know before you paint

Before painting, be sure to check for any water damage, leakage, moisture, and mold. If mold is present, it’s best to contact a professional to help get rid of it and prevent mold and moisture problems in the future. Mold in the home can be very dangerous. Try not to come into contact with it and always seek professional advice if you see mold or water damage in your basement.

Clean the walls

Once you’ve ensured your basement has been waterproofed and free of any harmful components like mold or water damage, you can begin preparing the walls for paint.

  • First, clean your walls using a wire brush to remove any loose debris.
  • Once you’ve gone over the entire surface, use a wet towel to wipe down and rinse your walls from any extra dust and dirt.
  • Vacuum the floor of debris as needed.

Use muriatic acid and water

Following the directions on the bottle, mix muriatic acid with water to create a cleaning solution. This will help remove any efflorescence, a powdery coating of salt found in masonry, from your walls. For this step, be sure to wear protective gear as the chemical can be harsh on the skin. This step is important for creating a clean base and making a waterproof seal.

Chisel cracks and apply cement

If your basement has any cracks between the concrete or brickwork, you’ll want to close those up before painting. Paint can collect moisture and cause mold growth if it gets into these untreated cracks.

  • Use a sledgehammer and chisel to “key” the cracks, ensuring that the inside of the crack is wider than the outside. This will help keep the patching cement in place.
  • Once finished, vacuum any dust and wet down the area.
  • Next, apply your cement with a trowel while the wall is damp.
  • If there are gaps at the base of the wall, be sure to seal these as well.

Apply waterproofing paint

Depending on the condition of your basement walls and the paint you choose, you might have to use a waterproof primer before you paint. When looking at basement paint ideas, most homeowners opt for lighter colors like whites and creams to help brighten the look of the basement. To achieve that bright look without the original concrete showing through, you’ll want to apply a coat or two of primer.

Once you’ve primed the surface of the walls, allow it to dry before adding your paint. Choose an oil-based or latex paint to prevent mold growth. However, always speak to a professional before doing so, as older homes and spaces with high humidity might need a more specialized option or additional waterproofing before you can begin painting.

Painting your basement walls can help brighten and enliven the space. It allows you to create a space that suits your style and avoids the typical dark, damp basement appearance that many homeowners struggle with. Be sure to take your waterproofing and mold assessments seriously, as this can greatly impact the success of your project. Safety should always be your top priority. If done correctly, you’ll be glad you took the extra steps to create a stunning, painted basement wall.

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