Proper care in the laundry room is the key to keeping your clothes looking bright, clean, and new. But when it comes time to use bleach in laundry, many people have trouble doing it right.
- Common issues with using bleach in laundry
- Read labels to prevent damaged fabrics
- Spot test the fabric before washing the whole garment
- Load whites lightly in the washing machine
- Add bleach properly
- Use the right type of bleach
- Whites: How do you use bleach in a washing machine?
- Colors: How to wash colored clothes with bleach
- How to use bleach to remove stains
Using bleach on whites has been common for generations, but it can be daunting to use it on your clothes if you haven’t done it before. With advancements in the cleaning product industry and so many types of bleach available, where do you start?
Here are some helpful tips on how to use bleach in laundry and not ruin everything in the process.
If you’ve got reservations about using bleach, you’re not alone and you’re not wrong to be wary. These are the most common problems that can occur when bleach is used improperly on clothes:
- Bleach stains. If you’ve ever mistakenly gotten bleach on colored fabric, you’re familiar with that horrid, bright bleach spot.
- Yellowing fabric. Even on whites, overusing bleach can turn that pure, bright fabric into a dingy yellow color.
- Ineffective bleach performance. If used improperly, bleach can simply fail at removing those tough stains.
Bleach isn’t for every fabric. Some fabrics that you should never use bleach on are wool, silk, leather, spandex, and certain synthetic fabrics because bleach can damage them.
Your clothing item’s tag should either read “bleach-safe” or it should have a triangle symbol indicating that bleach can be used on the fabric. If the triangle symbol has three lines through it, this indicates that only non-chlorine bleach should be used. If the triangle is solid or has an “X” through it, this indicates that it’s not safe to use bleach on the fabric.
Even if the care tag on your clothing item says that it’s bleach-safe, it’s always a good idea to do a spot test to make sure the type of bleach you’re using is appropriate. Follow these steps to spot test the fabric
Step 1: Mix 2 tablespoons of bleach product with 1/4 cup of water.
Step 2: Dip a Q-tip in the solution and dab it on your clothing item in an unassuming area. An inside hem works well for this test since the area won’t be seen when the item is worn.
Step 3: Wait for 1 minute to see if the bleach solution discolors or stains the fabric.
Step 4: If no discoloration occurs, proceed with washing the garment with your bleach product.
An overloaded washing machine of whites can bleach fabrics unevenly or it can make bleach less effective at whitening and removing stains. Make sure you’re loading your washing machine lightly so the bleach can do its job perfectly.
You should never just pour bleach onto clothing. This is how bleach stains and discoloration occurs. Instead, make sure you're using your bleach properly on your laundry.
Step 1: Dilute bleach with water.
Step 2: Pour the solution into the indicated dispenser on your washing machine.
Step 3: If there isn’t a separate bleach dispenser on your machine, turn the water on first and add the bleach to the water.
Step 4: Wait for 5 minutes to dilute it before adding your clothing to the machine.
- Chlorine bleach is the most common type of bleach, and it both whitens and disinfects, but it should only be used on all-white fabrics.
- Oxygen bleach is a non-chlorine bleach and it’s safe to use on colored fabrics to brighten and remove stains, but it does not disinfect your clothes.
- Hydrogen peroxide is safe to use on both whites and colors, and it whitens, brightens, disinfects, and deodorizes fabrics. It’s considered more eco-friendly than other types of bleaches, but it’s a milder bleach and won’t be as effective as chlorine or oxygen bleaches.
Washing your whites with bleach may seem like a no-brainer process, but there are a few specific steps you should take in order to get the most out of your bleach and prevent fabric damage.
Step 1: Make sure you’ve started the water in the washer before moving on in the process. Use hot water to increase the effectiveness of the bleach on your whites.
Step 2: Pour chlorine bleach into the washer’s water to dilute the bleach, then add your detergent. Make sure you’re using the correct amount of bleach and detergent according to the products’ labels.
Step 3: Perform an extra rinse cycle to rid the clothes of the lingering bleach odor.
For brightening or removing stains from colored clothes, you’ll use the same bleaching process as when you wash white fabrics, with just a couple of exceptions:
- Use oxygen bleach or hydrogen peroxide to avoid bleach stains.
- Use cold or warm water (or whatever water temperature is specified on the clothing label). Hot water tends to make dyes in colored clothing bleed or fade.
If you’ve got stains that need removing, you can use the same process for both whites and colors.
Step 1: In a bucket or in the sink, create a solution of 1 gallon of warm water and 1/4 cup of bleach.
Step 2: Submerge stained clothes in the solution and allow them to soak up to 8 hours.
Step 3: Remove clothes from the sink and run them through a normal wash cycle in your washing machine.
In order to look your best, you want your clothes to be crisp, bright, and stain-free. Using bleach in your laundry may give you pause, but with the right bleach product and bleaching process, your clothes will be protected from bleach stains and discoloration. Even better, they’ll look their best for longer.
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