Skip to main content

How to build a retaining wall for a gorgeous backyard design

A home's outdoor space is like a blank canvas. You can design it to be an area that fits your needs, matches your style, or serves your entertainment purposes. Outdoor features like raised patios, flower gardens, and fountains add gorgeous focal points that bring the whole space together.




1 day 1 hour

What You Need

  • Tape measure

  • Garden stakes

  • String or rope

  • Shovel

  • Tamper

  • 2x4 plank

  • Level

  • Gravel

  • Retaining wall blocks

  • Rubber mallet

A retaining wall is another feature that adds a ton of character to your yard. It creates a more complex appearance of levels in a sloping yard and adds some charming design possibilities. Retaining walls also serve an important function since they prevent soil erosion and open up your sloping yard as more usable space. Let's talk about how to build a retaining wall on a slope that functions well and looks great.

cement block retaining wall with vining plants

What is the easiest retaining wall to build?

There are several options when it comes to what your retaining wall can be made of. Some are made of wood, which is a cheaper option. Others are made from sturdier, longer-lasting materials like natural stones, bricks, or cement blocks. If you're building your own retaining wall, the easiest material to use is cement blocks. These blocks are solid and heavy, and they don't necessarily need adhesive to stay put like stones or bricks do. Many cement retaining wall blocks are designed to interlock for more security.

Map out your wall's location

Determine where in your yard's slope you'd like to build the retaining wall. Then gather a tape measure, garden stakes, and plenty of string or rope.

Step 1: Measure the width you'd like your retaining wall to be, and indicate where it will start and end with a line of garden stakes.

Step 2: Measure the height you'd like the wall to be against the height of the stakes, and tie a string between them to indicate the desired height. It's ideal for retaining walls to be no more than 4 feet high, as this height can be DIYed and requires no anchoring.

Level the ground for your wall

For safety purposes, and to keep the structure of your retaining wall intact, it's essential for its foundation to be built on a completely level surface. If your yard is significantly sloped, this means you'll have to do some digging.

Step 1: Using a shovel, begin to dig a trench that will accommodate the entire base of your wall. The trench should stretch the length of the entire wall and should be the width of two retaining wall blocks. One common question homeowners have is, "How deep should a trench be for a retaining wall?" Since the trench will need to be filled with with gravel before blocks are laid, a good depth for your trench is roughly 8 inches for a retaining wall that's 3 feet in height.

Step 2: Use a tamper to compact the soil at the bottom of the trench and level it out.

Step 3: Place a 2x4 plank at the bottom of the trench, and place a level on top of it to ensure the entire length of the trench is leveled out. You can remove the 2x4 once you're finished.

Pour your base into the trench

One thing you don't want to do is lay your retaining wall blocks directly onto the soil in your trench. Soil erosion causes structures to shift after they've been built. For that reason, using fine gravel as a foundation for your retaining wall will help prevent the cement blocks from settling and looking uneven down the road.

Step 1: Pour about 3 inches of gravel into the bottom of the trench.

Step 2: Rake the gravel so that it's evenly dispersed throughout the bottom of the trench.

Step 3: Use your tamper to press the gravel down, making it compacted and level.

Set your retaining wall blocks

Now it's time to start building your wall. Realize that the process may take some time, as you'll have to be sure the rows of blocks are level with one another as you're going along. Keep some extra gravel, the level, and a rubber mallet nearby.

Step 1: Starting at the very middle of your trench, lay your first block down.

Step 2: Use your level to make sure the block is laid completely flat. If it's not, add some more gravel underneath the block where it's sagging and tap it with the rubber mallet to get it nestled in place.

Step 3: Continue laying blocks in a single row in both directions from the middle, and ensure each block is level. Use more gravel under ones that sag too low, and tap down the ones that are a bit too high.

Step 4: Once the first row of blocks is laid, fill the area behind the blocks — the area against the soil — with gravel. Use your tamper to compact the gravel behind the blocks so that it will reinforce the strength of the wall.

Step 5: Add your second level of blocks to the wall. Be sure you lay each block of the second layer in a staggered fashion so that it lays on the crack between two blocks on the layer below.

Step 6: Blocks on the end of your second layer will need to be cut in half due to the staggering design of the blocks. Use a masonry blade in a circular saw to cut the blocks in half.

Step 7: Repeat the process, and continue adding layers of retaining wall blocks until you've reached the desired height.

how to build a retaining wall on slope shutterstock 428699578

Fill in the back of your retaining wall

Backfilling your retaining wall not only helps fortify it and keep it structurally sound, but it also helps the area behind the wall to drain properly. This relieves the pressure and weight that wet soil has on the back of your retaining wall.

Step 1: Use a shovel to layer gravel or sand into the area between the soil and your wall.

Step 2: Add the material in small amounts, using your tamper to compact it as you go.

Step 3: The top couple of inches behind the wall can be layered with sod or soil if you want to use the space for planting.

Retaining walls, while they're a bit labor intensive to install, add some amazing aesthetics to your sloping yard. Follow this guide when building your own retaining wall, and you'll be done with the project in as little as an extended weekend.

Editors' Recommendations

Veronica Sparks
Veronica Sparks is a writer from Milwaukee, Wisconsin who loves writing about gardening, home décor, and DIY life. She’s…
What products to use to keep your driveway and yard safe from ice and salt: A winter guide
Types of deicing products best for your landscaping this winter
Garage and driveway with man shoveling snow

Winter is here, and with it comes snow and ice that can prove a pain to remove from your driveway. It's important to remove it quickly; not only to keep everyone who walks into or out of your home safe, but also because ice can do damage to the driveway over time if it builds up throughout the winter.

Deicing products have been around for a long time, and they do work in varying temperatures to remove harmful ice, but they can wreak havoc on your landscaping. There are several ways to melt ice on driveways that do minimal damage to your yard and the plants surrounding it. Here are a few things to keep in mind.

Read more
Avoid catastrophe: How to unfreeze pipes and save your home from water damage
How to prevent water damage in your home during winter months

Winter in cold regions can be a fun and magical season, particularly during the holidays. But there are a lot of woes that homeowners face during cold weather. That's why it’s always best to winterize your home before the temperature gets too cold, but sometimes the freezing temperatures take their toll.

One common issue in the winter is frozen pipes, which can lead to some serious damage to any home. We’re going to discuss how to avoid catastrophe and unfreeze pipes before they can cause you headaches.

Read more
The house maintenance tasks homeowners think first-time buyers should know
A few considerations when buying your first home
try these 11 bathroom diys you can do in one hour plumber

Buying a home for the first time isn't for the faint of heart. There are so many decisions you need to make and so many considerations to keep in mind before you sign on the dotted line. The biggest worry (beyond the biggest financial investment you're making) is what you don't know, especially regarding house maintenance. Luckily, we have the expertise of those who have come before us.

Redditor theforeverletter recently posed this question on the r/Home Improvement subreddit: "Homeowners who have been doing this for [a while], what regular maintenance do people need to do to their house they don’t know they should be doing? For those of you who know far more than me, I bought a house last year; what things do I/other first-time homeowners need to do to keep up with everything we may not know? Of course, this depends on the house (Septic/city water crawl space/no crawl space) and things can vary, but happy to learn as much as I can!" Hundreds of people were happy to share their advice, and we've taken some of the most popular, so you know what to look out for.

Read more