There are many benefits to planting your own vegetable garden. Growing your own vegetables can improve your health. For obvious reasons, consuming more fruits and vegetables is one of the most important things you can do to stay healthy. Additionally, picking vegetables from your own garden means the vegetables have a higher vitamin content than those you get at the market. Also, vegetables from your own garden are free from harmful chemicals such as pesticides. One of the most apparent perks to growing your own fruits and vegetables is that it saves you money on groceries. Gardening can also be a natural stress reliever in that being outside and getting fresh air and sunshine can improve mood and make you feel rejuvenated. But what do you do if you don’t own a home with a yard to plant a garden in? Vegetable gardens aren’t just for homeowners with yards anymore, as you can plant a wide array of vegetables on your apartment patio or balcony.
The first step in panting a garden on your patio or balcony is to put a large container on your balcony and fill it with soil. Be sure to put a few holes in the bottom of the box for drainage of excess water and something under the container to catch that water. If you don’t have room for a large container, you can grow some of the vegetables below in pots. Once you have completed these steps, you are ready to start planting. But what are the best kinds of vegetables (or herbs or fruits) to plant in your newly fashioned balcony garden container? Here are some plants that are easy to grow and will thrive in your patio garden.
Greens of any variety will do well in a balcony garden. Lettuce of any kind, kale, spinach, radicchio, collard greens, and more will grow quickly, and you can trim them easily. Once cut, you can rinse the greens and use them in your dishes and for salads. It doesn’t get much fresher than a salad trimmed a few minutes ago from your garden.
Broccoli plants require a bit of room to grow but produce a lot of food from one plant. Simply cut off the florets as you need them, rinse them, and they are ready to cook. Broccoli is delicious when roasted or steamed and can be added to other dishes like rice or casseroles. Cauliflower will grow the same way that broccoli does and is equally as delicious.
Peppers of all varieties are easy to grow even in limited spaces. Bell peppers of all colors, jalapenos, poblanos, and habaneros will all grow nicely on your balcony. Peppers can be used in all types of dishes such as sautés and soups, as pizza toppings, in salads, and more. You can also pickle your peppers or use them in salsas or relishes. A single plant will produce an abundance of peppers throughout a season.
Zucchini and Summer Squash
Zucchini and summer squash are great for balcony gardens, but only if you grow just one or two plants in a deep pot or container. The plants will produce pounds of vegetables for you to drizzle with olive oil and toss on the grill. You can also use them in salads, loaves of bread, as a pasta substitute, and more.
Cucumbers are great for balconies because they tend to spread, and the vines will wrap themselves around railings as if they are trellises. Cucumbers are delicious sliced and eaten raw or tossed in a fresh greens salad. If you are a fan of pickles, you can soak them in vinegar to make quick refrigerator pickles or go all the way and can them to make real pickles.
Much like summer squash and zucchini, tomatoes grow well in deep pots or containers as the roots go reasonably deep into the soil. A single tomato plant that is well taken care of can provide several pounds of tomatoes throughout a growing season. The uses for tomatoes are endless; pasta, sauces, salads, stews, and more. Eating a fresh tomato with a dash of salt and pepper just tastes like summer.
Nothing makes a dish stand out like a sprinkle of fresh herbs to finish. Many herbs will thrive on a patio or balcony, and you can pick what you need throughout the season. Trimming what you need actually promotes the growth of the plant, so herb plants are like a gift that keeps on giving. Parsley, cilantro, dill, rosemary, oregano, thyme, basil, and sage will all round out your vegetable garden nicely. You can also grow chives and scallions, though not technically herbs, for some onion flavor in your dishes.
No, blueberries are not vegetables. But why should you limit yourself to vegetables only on your patio garden when you can enjoy fresh fruits as well? Blueberries are perfect for pots on your balcony because they like acidic soil, and most plants don’t. So, they can pose a problem for the other plants growing in a typical garden. When in pots, it is easier to control the soil’s pH level, so the blueberries will thrive. Also, there are many different varieties of blueberry bushes, and many are well-suited for small spaces, like your balcony. Use your blueberries in salads, smoothies, cereal, yogurt, or more.
Strawberries grow very nicely in containers and hanging baskets, making them perfect candidates for apartment patios and balconies. This fact also makes them a great candidate for vertical gardening, which is ideal for people with limited square footage. There are several different varieties of strawberries, some produce fruit throughout the year while others produce fruit all at once. Also, some strawberry varieties thrive in warm weather, and some do best in colder weather. All of these qualities make strawberries an ideal candidate for your balcony garden. Much like blueberries, you can use your strawberries in a variety of ways, and you can also make jams, jellies, or can them.
- Forget flowers: These are the 8 vegetables to grow in any garden
- Small side yard with minimal sunlight? These are the vegetables you should grow
- What you need to know before growing fruit at home
- The best greenhouses to help nurture and protect your plants
- Which pests are likely to take over your summer garden, and how to control them organically